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Krakatoa History

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Krakatoa History will give us complete stories of the legend of Krakatoa or Krakatau volcano. The beginning of Krakatoa History was in 1883 when the volcano erupted wildly. A massive explosions over 26–27 August 1883, which were among the most violent volcanic events in recorded history.

According to the official records of the Dutch East Indies colony, 165 villages and towns were destroyed near Krakatoa, and 132 were seriously damaged. At least 36,417 people died, and many more thousands were injured, mostly from the tsunamis that followed the explosion. The eruption destroyed two-thirds of the island of Krakatoa.

In 1927, a new island, Anak Krakatau, or “Child of Krakatoa”, emerged from the caldera formed in 1883. It is the current location of eruptive activity. Eruptions in the area since 1927 have built a new island at the same location, named Anak Krakatau (which is Indonesian for “Child of Krakatoa”). Periodic eruptions have continued since, with recent eruptions in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 2016 2017 and continued till 2018. In late 2011, this island had a radius of roughly 2 kilometers (1.2 mi), and a highest point of about 324 meters (1,063 ft) above sea level, growing 5 meters (16 ft) each year. In 2017 the height of Anak Krakatau was reported as over 400 meters above sea level. Hot gases, rocks, and lava were released in an eruption in April 2008. Scientists monitoring the volcano warned people to stay out of a 3 km (1.9 mi) zone around the island.

After the volcanic activity of Anak Krakatoa volcano located in the Sunda Strait continues to increase. Finally, on 23 December 2018, the volcano was really erupted and created a tsunami. The tsunami killed more than 400 people reportedly. Most tsunami caused by an earquake, like what happened in Celebes (Sulawesi) on September 2018 and 2006 in Aceh.  However, tsunamis caused by volcanic activity like this are less frequent

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