Discovering of Ancient Man in “Braholo” Cave Gunungkidul got worth results to trace back the ancient’s history in Yogyakarta. Ancient Human fossils and animals found in “Braholo” Cave in Semugih Hamlet, Semugih Village, Rongkop, same with karst rock cave in Gunungkidul area. However, the cave turned out to be a witness of ancient human life. Some artifacts also found in Oya river, where today people use for the river tubing, body rafting and tour activities.
The location of Goa Braholo can be said quite far from the center of Gunungkidul Regency or Wonosari. At least about two hours drive by motorcycle. Braholo Cave is right on the slope of a hill, so visitors have to climb a number of stairs to get to the mouth of the cave.
Shady and quiet atmosphere will accompany the journey to the mouth of Braholo Cave. From the mouth of the cave, the hole in the inner room will be visible with varying depth. The hole is a former excavation in 1994 to 2000 ago. The excavation process is done by the National Archaeological Research Center of Jakarta led by Prof. Truman Simanjuntak.
Of the 14 excavation boxes, the research team discovered various ancient tools and food remnants. Some of them include piercing, arrowheads, wooden fossils, large fauna bones, partially burnt seeds, and shellfish shells. The research team also found an important object, the ancient human skeleton. The frameworks were found in relatively intact conditions.
“At that time I happened to help in the excavation process, there were 3 meters to 7 meters and found eight ancient human skeleton,” said land owner of Braholo Cave, Kusno (60 y.o), end of February 2017.
According to Kusno, while assisting with the excavation, he saw the bones and skeletons. “the skull is bigger, his position is sitting, his legs bent, his back together with each other,” he said.
From the information he obtained, the current skeleton of eight ancient human individuals found in Braholo Cave and stored in Museum Punung, Pacitan, East Java.
“As far as I know they are stored in museum Punung, Pacitan right now,” he said.
From the next research process, it is known that the possibility of early humans who live in the Braholo Cave at that time had divided the room. The right side of the cave as the place used to dump the trash. From this excavation on the right side, there are findings in the form of shells, animal bones, and the rest of the grain.
“The left position of the cave was probably used for sleeping,” said the researcher who excavated here the story to me” said Kusno.
Lecturer of Historical Sciences Sanata Dharma University Yogyakarta Hery Santosa said the discovery can be seen from the thickness of the soil in the cave. The thickness of the soil may indicate years of human development. However, traces of ancient humans around 30,000-an last year are found in many karst caves. In those days, karst caves were made permanent or temporary shelters.
“One of them in Gunungkidul, karst cave there are many who made temporary shelter in that era,” he said.
At that time, humans lived to migrate for food sources. On the way, they need a shelter, either shelter from the weather or wild animals. The location of prehistoric human life can be found extending from Gunungkidul to Ponorogo, East Java.
“People do not think they are hoarding food at the moment, they are also leaving equipment,” he explained.
He stated, from the research he once did, Gunungkidul is one of the libraries in researching prehistoric times. Oya River, Gunungkidul, for example, became the site of the findings of various equipment and fossils.
“Gunungkidul is like a ‘living library’, much of which has not been documented,” Hery said.
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